Difficulties with audiovisual processing contributes to dyslexia in children

A neuroimaging study could help develop tests for early identification of dyslexia.

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Potential therapeutic target for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

New research has revealed that the protein TDP-43 regulates a gene called Stathmin2 (STMN2). STMN2 shows promise as a therapeutic target and could be the first biomarker ALS, which is extremely difficult to diagnose and treat.

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A new way by which the human brain marks time

With a little help from HBO's 'Curb Your Enthusiasm,' neurobiologists have uncovered a key component of how the human brain marks time.

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Nerve cells made from skin cells are a valid lab model for studying disease

Researchers have shown that cells from mice that have been induced to grow into nerve cells using a previously published method have molecular signatures matching neurons that developed naturally in the brain.

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Defective glial cells can push neurons toward Parkinson's disease

A team of scientists have discovered that astrocytes are linked to the buildup of a toxic protein that is one the hallmarks of Parkinson's disease. The work suggests an important role for glial cells in Parkinson's disease and offers potential[…]

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The 17 different ways your face conveys happiness

Human beings can configure their faces in thousands and thousands of ways to convey emotion, but only 35 expressions actually get the job done across cultures, a new study has found.

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Stroke drug may also prevent Alzheimer's disease

Researchers have discovered that a drug currently being developed to treat stroke patients could also prevent Alzheimer's disease. The study shows that the genetically engineered protein 3K3A-APC protects the brains of mice with Alzheimer's-like symptoms, reducing the buildup of toxic[…]

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Diving deeper into developmental dyslexia

Men with dyslexia have altered structural connections between the thalamus and auditory cortex on the left side of the brain, new research reveals. The study extends similar observations of the dyslexic visual system and highlights the importance of early sensory[…]

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Memory of last meal influences when, how much rats eat next

Researchers have identified cells in the brains of male rats that appear to control future food intake by preserving memories of past meals. The study lends support to the idea of boosting meal memories as a strategy for managing overeating.

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Teen brain volume changes with small amount of cannabis use, study finds

At a time when several states are moving to legalize recreational use of marijuana, new research shows that concerns about the drug's impact on teens may be warranted. The study shows that even a small amount of cannabis use by[…]

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Dementia: New culprit and potential treatment target

A study shows people with the worst memory problems also had the most leakage in their brain's blood vessels -- regardless of whether abnormal proteins amyloid and tau were present.

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The human brain works backwards to retrieve memories

When we remember a past event, the human brain reconstructs that experience in reverse order, according to a new study.

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Millions on prescription sleeping pills would sleep through a fire alarm

Widely prescribed 'benzodiazepine' sleeping pills suppress the sleeping brain's ability to wake us when it senses a threat. But an alternative class of hypnotics currently under development could allow users to rouse in the event of an earthquake, fire alarm[…]

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Parasites from patients with cerebral malaria stick preferentially in their brains

Scientists have provided, for the first time, evidence which links the ability of red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite to bind to the cells lining the blood vessels of the brain, with the clinical syndrome cerebral malaria.

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Ultra-sturdy bones, with a surprising origin, suggest new osteoporosis approach

A handful of brain cells deep in the brain may play a surprising role in controlling women's bone density, according to new research. Researchers showed that blocking a particular set of signals from these cells causes female (but not male)[…]

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Scope advance reveals first look through all cortical layers of awake brain

Improvements in three-photon microscopy have allowed scientists to see activity in all layers of the visual cortex and the 'subplate' below.

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Disconnect between brain's dopamine system and cocaine addiction

Researchers have revealed significant insight into cocaine addiction, a phenomenon which has grown significantly in the United States since 2015.

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New role for brain's support cells in controlling circadian rhythms

A new study has found that astrocytes, previously thought of as just supporting neurons in regulating circadian rhythms, can actually lead the tempo of the body's internal clock and have been shown for the first time to be able to[…]

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Mutation in sodium-potassium pump: Newly discovered serious disease in children

Researchers have mapped out a newly discovered serious disease which causes children to suffer epileptic seizures, loss of magnesium in urine and reduced intelligence.

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Decades-old question about protein found in Alzheimer's brain plaques

Alzheimer's-affected brains are riddled with so-called amyloid plaques: protein aggregates consisting mainly of amyloid-beta. However, this amyloid-beta is a fragment produced from a precursor protein whose normal function has remained enigmatic for decades. A team of scientists has now uncovered[…]

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