News from Around the World

Mobile phone radiation may affect memory performance in adolescents

Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields may have adverse effects on the development of memory performance of specific brain regions exposed during mobile phone use. These are the findings of a study involving nearly 700 adolescents in Switzerland.

Jul 20, 2018 | 02:18 am Read More

Anesthesia, surgery linked to decline in memory and thinking

In adults over 70, exposure to general anesthesia and surgery is associated with a subtle decline in memory and thinking skills, according to new research. The study analyzed nearly 2,000 people and found that exposure to anesthesia after age 70[…]

Jul 20, 2018 | 01:20 am Read More

ADHD drugs do not improve cognition in healthy college students

Contrary to popular belief across college campuses, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications may fail to improve cognition in healthy students and actually can impair functioning.

Jul 20, 2018 | 00:48 am Read More

Aggressive immune cells aggravate Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease, formerly also referred to as shaking palsy, is one of the most frequent disorders affecting movement and the nervous system. Medical researchers have come across a possible cause of the disease - in the patients' immune system.

Jul 19, 2018 | 23:43 pm Read More

Scientists uncover the role of a protein in production and survival of myelin-forming cells

A new article explains how researchers have uncovered the role of a protein known as 'PRMT5' in the production of myelin and, ultimately, proper development and function of the Central Nervous System.

Jul 19, 2018 | 22:54 pm Read More

Food for thought: How the brain reacts to food may be linked to overeating

The reason why some people find it so hard to resist finishing an entire bag of chips or bowl of candy may lie with how their brain responds to food rewards, according to researchers who found that when certain regions[…]

Jul 19, 2018 | 22:54 pm Read More

CT scans may increase risk of brain cancer

A new study suggests that CT scans, commonly used in medical imaging, may increase the risk of brain tumors.

Jul 19, 2018 | 22:53 pm Read More

Researchers solve mystery of how ALL enters the central nervous system

A deadly feature of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is its invasion of the central nervous system. ALL in the central nervous system is very difficult to treat, because most drugs are blocked from the organ system due to a "blood-brain[…]

Jul 19, 2018 | 03:11 am Read More

Neurons can carry more than one signal at a time

New research shows that neurons in the brain can carry two signals at once, using a strategy similar to multiplexing in telecommunications. The results may explain how the brain processes complex information from the world around us, and may also[…]

Jul 19, 2018 | 02:24 am Read More

Health of mom's gut a key contributor to autism risk, study suggests

The mother's microbiome, the collection of microscopic organisms that live inside us, is a key contributor to the risk of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in her offspring, new research suggests. The work raises the possibility that we could help[…]

Jul 19, 2018 | 01:33 am Read More

Molecular culprits of protein aggregation in ALS and FTLD

The mutated and aggregated protein FUS is implicated in two neurodegenerative diseases: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Using a newly developed fruit fly model, researchers have zoomed in on the protein structure of FUS to gain[…]

Jul 19, 2018 | 00:48 am Read More

Sugar improves memory in over-60s, helping them work smarter

Sugar improves memory in older adults -- and makes them more motivated to perform difficult tasks at full capacity -- according to new research.

Jul 19, 2018 | 00:47 am Read More

For professional baseball players, faster hand-eye coordination linked to batting performance

Professional baseball players who score higher on a test of hand-eye coordination have better batting performance -- particularly in drawing walks and other measures of 'plate discipline,' reports a study.

Jul 18, 2018 | 03:57 am Read More

The scent of coffee appears to boost performance in math

Research reveals that the scent of coffee alone may help people perform better on the analytical portion of the Graduate Management Aptitude Test, or GMAT, a computer adaptive test required by many business schools.

Jul 18, 2018 | 02:58 am Read More

Protein found to be key component in irregularly excited brain cells

In a new study in mice, researchers have identified a key protein involved in the irregular brain cell activity seen in autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy. The protein, p53, is well-known in cancer biology as a tumor suppressor.

Jul 18, 2018 | 00:12 am Read More

Childhood adversity increases susceptibility to addiction via immune response

Childhood adversity permanently alters the peripheral and central immune systems, increasing the sensitivity of the body's immune response to cocaine, reports a new study.

Jul 18, 2018 | 00:12 am Read More

Brain iron levels may predict multiple sclerosis disabilities

A new, highly accurate MRI technique can monitor iron levels in the brains of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and help identify those at a higher risk for developing physical disability, according to a new study.

Jul 18, 2018 | 00:12 am Read More

Researchers identify brain area linked to motivational disruptions in binge eating

Scientists have discovered that a small group of brain cells in the hypothalamus called 'orexin' neurons could be a promising target for medications for controlling binge eating episodes in individuals with obesity. These neurons, named for the chemical messenger they[…]

Jul 17, 2018 | 23:47 pm Read More

Hunger hormones offer promising avenue for addiction treatment

Hormones that signal the body's state of hunger and fullness could be the key to new treatments for drug and alcohol addiction. Gut hormones have received considerable attention from scientists seeking to understand overeating and obesity, which led the panelists[…]

Jul 17, 2018 | 23:47 pm Read More

How cannabis affects appetite: Brain changes

New research on how cannabis use alters eating behavior could lead to treatments for appetite loss in chronic illness, according to experts. Using a new procedure to dose lab rats with cannabis vapor, the researchers found how the drug triggers[…]

Jul 17, 2018 | 23:47 pm Read More